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Month: October 2021

Spring School 2022 in Kraków, Poland – Register Now

Registration is now open for the Fifth Spring School on Lattice Boltzmann Methods with OpenLB Software Lab that will be held in Kraków, Poland from 21th to 25th of March 2022. The spring school introduces scientists and applicants from industry to the theory of LBM and trains them on practical problems. The first half of the week is dedicated to the theoretical fundamentals of LBM up to ongoing research on selected topics. Followed by mentored training on case studies using OpenLB in the second half, where the participants gain deep insights into LBM and its applications. This educational concept offers a comprehensive and personal guided approach to LBM. Participants also benefit from the knowledge exchange during the poster session, coffee breaks, and the excursion. We look forward to your participation.

Keep in mind that the number of participants is limited and that the registration follows a first come first serve principle.

On behalf of the spring school executive committee, Nicolas Hafen, Mathias J. Krause, Jan E. Marquardt, Paweł Madejski, Tomasz Kuś, Navaneethan Subramanian, Maciej Bujalski and Karolina Chmiel

(Covid) Virus Risk Simulation

(Covid) Virus Risk Simulation of a Person Breathing Using an Air Ventilation Systems with LBM – Simulations in Process Engineering

Are ventilation systems effective against aerosol emission from breathing?

A typical way of transmitting viruses like SARS-CoV-2 is through saliva aerosol particles which are sprayed in the air by coughing or sneezing but also through breathing. If these droplets are inhaled by another person there is a high infection risk. To minimize the potential risk of transmitting the virus through the air ventilation systems should keep aerosol particles concentrations low.

The simulation is able to show the turbulent flight path of the aerosol stream transmitted by a sitting person. This demonstrates the importance and difficulties of a ventilation systems in order to decrease infection risk by reducing aerosol particle concentrations. 

These videos present the aerosol distributions generated by a breathing human. In every breath, 10,000 particles with diameter of 1 μm are omitted through the mouth. The mesh contains 65.5 millions cells (δx=4.8mm). 10 seconds were simulated using a cluster with 400 cores (20 nodes). The source code is available for download on the OpenLB website. 

The fluid flow in the artificial set-up was validated by means of experments and other simulations. These benchmark was published in “Numerical evaluation of thermal comfort using a large eddy lattice Boltzmann method”, M Siodlaczek, M Gaedtke, S Simonis, M Schweiker, N Homma, MJ Krause, Building and Environment, 107618 .

For further information please view our dedicated page about this topic: (Covid) Virus Risk Simulation

Data and Simulation: Simon Berg, Fedor Bukreev, Mathias J. Krause